LASER EYE SURGERY  
LASIK

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About LASIK

LASIK is a refractive laser eye surgery that uses the same excimer laser as PRK, but instead of making the cornea's correction on the surface the laser is used in a deeper, completely insensitive layer. In order for the laser to be able to access these layers, a flap needs to be made. A mechanical tool called microkeratome cuts this flap.

LASIK's advantages are immediate improvements in vision and that no pain is experienced during or after surgery.

What happens during LASIK surgery?

LASIK is an outpatient procedure, there is no need for general anaesthesia, however you will be given a mild sedative and anaesthetic eye drops.
LASIK is performed in three steps. The first step is to create a flap of corneal tissue. The second step is remodelling of the cornea underneath this flap with the laser. Finally, the flap is repositioned.



 Flap creation

A corneal suction ring is applied to the eye, holding the eye in place. This step in the procedure can sometimes cause small blood vessels to burst, resulting in bleeding into the white of the eye, a harmless side effect that resolves within a few weeks.
Once the eye is immobilized, the flap is created. This process is achieved with a mechanical microkeratome using a metal blade.
A hinge is left at one end of this flap. The flap is folded back, revealing the middle section of the cornea. The process of lifting and folding back the flap can sometimes be uncomfortable.

 Laser remodelling

The second step of the procedure is to use the excimer laser to remodel the corneal tissue. The laser works in a finely controlled manner without damaging the adjacent cornea. No burning with heat or actual cutting is required to ablate the tissue. The layers of tissue removed are tens of micrometers thick. Performing the laser ablation in the deeper level of the cornea typically provides for more rapid visual recovery and less discomfort than the earlier techniques.

Repositioning of flap

After the laser has reshaped the cornea, the LASIK flap is carefully repositioned over the treatment area by the surgeon and checked for the presence of air bubbles, debris, and proper fit on the eye. The flap remains in position by natural adhesion until healing is completed.


Why is LASIK not performed at the Smart Choice Medical Travel's partner clinic?

Please note that due to complications associated with the metal blade (that cuts the flap), doctors at the Smart Choice Medical Travel's partner clinic do not perform LASIK surgeries.
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Possible complications associated with the use of metal blade:

Uneven flap edges
Abnormal corneal surfaces
Thin or buttonhole flaps that can cause vision-threatening scars
Debris or growth under scar
Infection under the flap

These complications are eliminated with IntraLASIK that is a new bladeless, completely safe technology.
IntraLASIK has all the advantages of LASIK without the disadvantages


Read more about IntraLasik


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